NASA successfully Tested small helicopter on Mars

NASA successfully Tested small helicopter on Mars | Space | April 2021 |

NASA successfully tested small helicopter on Mars

 

Hello …. techies you know  NASA successfully tested small helicopter on Mars  if you don’t know then read this post …..

The American space agency has successfully flown a little helicopter on Mars.

The drone, called Ingenuity, was airborne for fewer than a moment , but NASA is celebrating what represents the primary power, control flight by an aircraft on another world.

Confirmation came via a satellite at Mars which transmit the chopper’s data back to Earth.

The space agency is promising more adventurous flights within the days ahead.

Ingenuity are going to be commanded to fly higher and further as engineers seek to check the bounds of the technology.

The rotorcraft was carried to Mars within the belly of NASA’s Perseverance Rover, which touched down in Jezero Crater on the Mars in February.

 

NASA successfully Tested small helicopter on Mars

helicopter design

 

“We can now say that citizens have flown a rotorcraft on another planet,” said a delighted MiMi Aung,

The project manager for Ingenuity at NASA’s reaction propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California.

“We’ve been talking for therefore long about our ‘Wright Brothers moment’ on Mars, and here it’s .”

This is a regard to Wilbur and Wright who conducted the primary powered, controlled aircraft flight here on Earth in 1903

Ingenuity even carries a little swatch of cloth from one among the wings of Flyer 1.

the aircraft that made that historic flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, quite 117 years ago.

 

NASA successfully Tested small helicopter on Mars

There were cheers within the JPL control center because the first photos of the flight arrived back on Earth.

In the background, MiMi Aung might be heard saying: “It’s real!”

To claps from her colleagues, she tore up the contingency speech to possess been utilize in the event of failure.

The demonstration saw the Mars-copter rise to only over 3m, hover, swivel 96 degrees, hover some more, then set down.

 

In all, it takes almost 40 seconds of flight, from take-off to landing.

Getting airborne on the Mars isn’t easy. The atmosphere is extremely thin, just 1% of the density here at Earth.

This gives the blades on a rotor-craft little or no to bite into to realize lift.

There’s help from the lower gravity at Mars, but still – it takes tons of labor to urge up off the bottom

 

 

NASA successfully Tested small helicopter on Mars

Details of test flight

 

Ingenuity was therefore made extremely light and given the power to turn those blades extremely fast – at over 2,500 revolutions per minute for this particular flight.

Control was autonomous. The distance to Mars – currently just under 300 million km – means radio signals take minutes to traverse the intervening space.

Flying by joystick is simply out of the question.

 

Asked whether she was surprised the flight had worked, MiMi Aung said: “No, I’m not.

We really had nailed the equations, the models and the verification here on Earth in our laboratory tests.

So, it then became a question of: have we chosen the right materials to build Ingenuity and

To survive the space environment, to survive the Mars environment?

 

 

NASA successfully Tested small helicopter on Mars

Mars Rover

 

“We’ve gone from ‘theory says you can’ to really now having done it.

It’s a major first for the human race,” she told BBC News.

Ingenuity has two cameras onboard. A black-and-white camera that points down to the ground,

which is use for navigation, and a high-resolution colour camera that looks out to the horizon.

Sample navigation images sent back to Earth revealed the helicopter’s shadow on the floor of the crater as it came back in to land.

The Perseverance rover was watching and snapping away from a distance of 65m.

 

NASA successfully Tested small helicopter on Mars

 

NASA has announce that the “airstrip” in Jezero where Perseverance dropped off Ingenuity for its demonstration will henceforth be known as the “Wright Brothers Field”.

The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)……

The United Nations’ civil aviation agency. has also presented NASA and the US Federal Aviation Administration with an official ICAO designator: IGY.

“India Golf Yankee, with the call sign ‘Ingenuity’, and those details will be officially included in the next edition.

The edition of ICAO’s designators for aircraft, operating agencies, aeronautical authorities and services,” explained Håvard Grip, the Mars helicopter’s chief pilot at JPL.

 

NASA successfully Tested small helicopter on Mars

Testing Images

 

Monday’s successful maiden outing means that a further four flights will be attempt over the coming days, with the first of these occurring as early as Thursday.

Each succeeding flight will build on what has gone before.

“What we’re talking about here is going higher, going further, going faster, stretching the capabilities of the helicopter in those ways,” Dr Grip explained.

“We’re putting the pedal down and going for it,” added Dr Thomas Zurbuchen, the head of science at NASA.

 

NASA successfully Tested small helicopter on Mars

Ingenuity Helicopter

 

The hope is this initial demonstration could eventually transform how we explore some distant worlds.

Drones might be used to scout ahead for future rovers, and even astronauts once they eventually get to Mars.

Michael Watkins, JPL director, said: “What the Ingenuity team has done is given us the third dimension.

 

they’ve freed us from the surface now forever in planetary exploration,

so that we can now make a combination of driving on the surface and sampling the surface,

doing reconnaissance, and even scientific experimentation on inaccessible places for a rover.

This is exactly the way we build the future.”

Bob Balaram, Ingenuity’s chief engineer, said ideas for larger helicopters were already being discussed.

“We are thinking of things in the 25-30kg class of vehicles, and those vehicles would carry maybe about 4kg of science instruments,” he told reporters.

NASA has already approved a helicopter mission to Titan, the big moon of Saturn.

Dragonfly, as the mission is known, should arrive at Titan in the mid-2030s.

It will be easier to fly on this moon given its very thick atmosphere.

Check this video  for better understanding….

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